What is hematuria?
Hematuria refers to the presence of red blood cells in urine. It includes two types: gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria. Blood can be seen with naked eyes in gross hematuria. Blood t6hat cannot be seen in urine, except when examined with a microscope, is called microscopic hematuria.
What are the symptoms of hematuria?
Usually, most people with microscopic hematuria do not develop symptoms. In gross hematuria, as there is a large amount of red blood cells in urine, it can cause urine to become pink, red or cola-colored. Also, if blood clots occur in gross hematuria, it may lead to pain.
What are the causes of hematuria?
Hematuria can be attributable to various kinds of causes. It can be caused by menstruation, intense exercise, trauma, infection, sexual activity. Meanwhile, hematuria may be due to the following serious conditions.
1. Inflammation of kidneys is a common cause of hematuria. It can impair the filters in kidneys leading to red blood cells in urine.
2. Inflammation of the urethra, bladder or prostate
3. Kidney or bladder cancer
4. Polycystic kidney disease— it is a genetic disorder featured with numerous cysts growing in both kidneys. As they grow bigger over age, the growing cysts can compress the adjacent kidney tissues, leading to hematuria
5. Blood clots and blood clotting disorders, such as hemophilia
What to do with hematuria?
Generally, if hematuria is caused by physiological reaction like menstruation or if no serious condition is causing hematuria, no treatment is required. If hematuria is caused by infection, antibiotics should be used to control it. In other cases, hematuria is treated by treating its underlying causes.