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Kidney Failure and Hypocalcemia

Kidney Failure,HypocalcemiaHypocalcemia happens when the blood calcium levels are lower than the normal range. Some kidney failure patients also complain of hypocalcemia. Read on and find more information about kidney failure and hypocalcemia.

Hypocalcemia

Hypocalcemia is defined as total serum calcium of <8.5mg/dl or ionized calcium of <4.6mg/dl. Total serum calcium levels must be corrected for serum albumin levels. Ionized calcium levels do not require such correction. It can be caused by many triggers, such as Chronic Kidney Failure, hypoparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency etc. As hypocalcemia develops, you may experience the following symptoms: irritability, seizures, paresthesias, tetany, muscle spasm, and cardiac dysrhythmias etc.

Kidney Failure and Hypocalcemia

Kidney failure or other Kidney Disease can be a primary cause of hypocalcemia. Kidneys have the ability to properly filter out waste products and excessive water in normal condition. And at the same time, kidneys can hold the useful substances stay in the blood.

However, when the kidneys fail to function enough, some of calcium may seeps into your urine, causing the calcium loss. This is why kidney failure patients may suffer from hypocalcemia.

In addition, when kidneys are diseases, they cannot activate vitamin D. This also contributes to the calcium insufficiency.

Recommended Treatment

A blood test helps find and diagnose your hypocalcemia. To alleviate this symptom, your doctor may suggest you to follow one or more as follows:

- The method chosen for treatment depends on the exact cause and on the severity of the hypocalcemia. Thereby, you are suggested to choose the treatment which helps repair the damaged kidney tissues and improve kidney function, such as Chinese Herbal Medicine or Immunotherapy.

-Oral calcium supplements may be prescribed for long term treatment (non-emergency) of hypocalcemia.

- Patient should maintain a diet that is sufficient in fat-soluble vitamins (including D) and dietary calcium.

- Alcohol intake should be moderate to avoid the risk of hypomagnesemia.

  • Tag: Renal Failure Symptoms
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