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Kidney Failure And Swelling Feet

Kidney Failure And Swelling FeetSwelling feet is a common condition in patients with kidney failure, which is caused by their kidney disease. Patients may wonder why this appears, and they may also be curious about how to improve this symptom.

Why patients with kidney failure have swelling feet?

Swelling feet in patients with kidney failure is the presentation of patients’ edema. In fact, swelling feet is a relatively mild symptom of edema. As patients’ disease progresses, patients may have more severe condition, and they may have edema in their lungs, gastrointestinal tract, enterocoelia, and so on. If patients’ pulmonary edema is too serious, they may feel hard to breath.

In fact, a major reason of patients’ edema is the retention of sodium and fluid. When patients with kidney failure have edema, it means patients’ kidney function has already been severely damaged. Their kidneys can not excrete the fluid and sodium out normally, and the excess retention of fluid and sodium will cause edema. The other major reason of edema is hypoproteinemia. In normal condition, almost all protein is kept in blood. While for patients with kidney failure, because of their severe kidney damage, there may be large amount of protein leaking out through their urine. Then the osmotic pressure of blood will decline, and the fluid in blood will flow into tissue space. Besides, the decrease of effective blood flow will stimulate patients’ kidneys to excrete hormone, and the excretion of antidiuretic hormone will increase, which can promote the kidneys’ reabsorption to water, and the edema will be aggravated.

How to deal with patients’ edema?

Patients can take measures to improve this symptom in two aspects. One is their lifestyle, and the other is the treatment in clinic.

In patients’ diet, they should take low sodium intake. The right salt intake is 6~8g/d, and we can get about 3g from the foods we take, so patients should take 3~5g slat in their diet per day. On the other hand, patients should also take appropriate amount of water, and the urine amount of yesterday plus 500ml is recommended for patients who has edema. Patients should also pay attention to their life habits. For example, patients should do appropriate amount of exercise regularly, and they should stop drinking alcohol and smoking. Besides, it is important for patients to have confidence and good emotion in their life.

In the treatment, diuretic will be needed to improve patients’ condition. If necessary, plasma or plasma albumin may be needed to inject into patients’ vein, so as to improve patients’ blood osmotic pressure. On the other hand, patients’ edema is caused by their kidney damage, so the underlying solution is to improve patients’ kidney function.

In fact, swelling feet just a beginning of patients’ edema. As patients’ condition progresses, they may have edema in their lungs, enterocoelia, or other organ and tissues. So patients should take measures as early as possible if they find they have this symptom.

  • Tag: Kidney Failure Symptoms
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