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Pruritus In Dialysis Patient

Pruritus In Dialysis PatientFor patients who need dialysis, pruritus is a common and unbearable symptom. As their dialysis time becomes longer, pruritus can be more serious, which can affect patients’ life quality seriously. Thereby, it is necessary for patients to have a well understanding about this symptom, which can help patients cope with their conditions much easily.

Generally speaking, patients with dialysis is in the end stage of renal disease, and they will have severe kidney damage, besides, many tissues and organs are also affected or damaged in this time. Thereby, it is normal that patients will have many symptoms, among which pruritus often appears.

A major reason of patients’ itch is the accumulation of nitrogen metabolic products. Poor kidney function in dialysis patients leads to many wastes and toxic substances’ accumulation in blood, and too much nitrogen can cause patients’ sebaceous gland and sweat gland to atrophy. In this condition, patients will have desquamation and itching, and it can not be relieved even though patients scratch their skin to bleeding.

Another reason of pruritus in dialysis patients is the disorder of electrolyte metabolism, which can cause patients to have hypocalcemia . Low level of calcium in blood can stimulate parathyroid gland, and lead to its hyperfunction. It has been turn out that parathyroid gland’s hyperfunction can cause calcinosis cutis, and promote the mast cells in skin to excrete histamine, which may lead to pruritus.

Patients’ pruritus may also be caused by allergic reaction. Patients in dialysis need to take many medicines and touch many medical instruments, while these may lead to the increase of histamine excretion, and then patients may also have itch.

Besides, the itch symptom can also be caused by nerve lesion. Because of the toxic substances’ accumulation in blood, and the blood circulation, patients in the end stage of renal disease often have nerve problem, and this can also cause patients to have itch.

In fact, pruritus is suffering to dialysis patients, so it is necessary to change this condition, and it is important for the symptom’s improvement to make sure its causes. Besides, patients should keep a good emotion and positive attitude, which is very important in dealing with their condition.

  • Tag: Renal Failure Symptoms
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