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How to Develop a Healthy Diet for Kidney Failure Patients

The diet is absolutely important for the kidney failure patients, because a good diet can provide the nutrition your kidney needs and decrease waste your body metabolizes. In that case, what kind of diet is healthy for Kidney Failure patients? We have “three lows” and “one high”.

Firstly, the “three lows” are “low fluid”, “low protein” and “low sodium”.

You should low the intake of fluid, because the damaged kidney has failed to remove extra water from your body. The accumulated water will burden your cardiovascular system, thus causing high blood pressure, shortness of breath and edema.

Tips:

1. Do not eat too much food that contains lots of water.

2. Do not eat too much salty foods.

3. Try cooking with fresh vegetables.

Then you should lower the protein intake. The protein metabolism will produce such substances as urea and amines. If those substances cannot flow out efficiently because of the damaged kidneys, they will produce toxin, damaging your nerves. However, it dose not mean that you cannot take protein at all.

Tips:

1. Control the total amount of protein intake

2. Choose food with high-quality protein, such as fish, eggs or lean meat when you begin to dialysis.

3. 1~1.2g per kg daily is good for patients after dialysis, while 0.4 g/kg daily is good for those without dialysis.

The “third low” is to lower the sodium and phosphorus intake. The increasing number sodium of extracellular fluid will lead to fluid retention, which is presented as edema. What’s more, the fluid retention can increase blood volume, making high blood pressure.

Tips:

1. Salty food such as pickles, preserved eggs or marine fish are definitely forbidden.

2. No or little salt or soy in your cooking.

3. Keep less than 1g of salt intake per day.

Secondly, “one high” is “high calories”. Calories will get you energy and if the supply is not enough, your body will use the protein poorly, even take the existing protein away to meet the need of energy. Then your kidneys will flush more urea,increasing the BUN level, thus making your body state worse and losing weight.

Tips:

1. Taking fat of high quality.

2. Choose simple carbohydrates like sugar, jam, honey and syrup.

3. 0.126~0.168MJ/kg of each adult’s weight is needed.

Last but not the least, what I mentioned above is general information. A healthy diet you need is based on the state of the kidney disease and your physical condition. Talking to a doctor who is professional on this is the best choice.

  • Tag: Renal Failure Renal Failure Healthy Lifestyle
  • previous:How Much Sodium on Stage 5 Kidney Failure Diet
    next:How Should I Eat with Acute Kidney Failure

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