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Cause and Treatment for Swollen Legs and Stomach With PKD

Cause and Treatment for Swollen Legs and Stomach With PKDIt is common for Polycystic Kidney Disease patients to live for years without developing any symptom. However, with the aggravation of PKD, symptoms like swollen legs and stomach will affect patients’ life. Then, treatments that can deal with swelling in legs and stomach are needed.

As PKD usually progresses slowly, enlarged kidney cysts replace kidney functioning tissues gradually. Accordingly, Polycystic Kidney Disease develops into stage 3, stage 4 or even end stage, so a series of problems occur.

Swollen legs and stomach is more likely to be related to too much fluid retention in these regions, protein leakage and enlarged kidney cysts.

When kidney disease progresses into moderate or end stage, kidneys lose their ability to determine how much fluid to retain in the body, so excessive amount of fluid collects in the body and cause swelling.

With the growth of kidney cysts, kidney filtering structure may be damaged. Then, they are unable to keep protein and other nutritions in the body. Too much protein leakage can cause low plasma protein osmotic pressure, so more fluid will retain in certain regions including legs and stomach.

Additionally, swollen stomach is one typical sign of large kidney cyst. Because kidneys are located in lower abdomen, enlarged kidney cysts can cause swollen stomach and big belly directly.

In view of these causes, we give out the following several methods that can help deal with these two symptoms.

- Limit the fluid and sodium intake

- Develop a low-protein diet plan but take in high-quality protein

- Take diuretic, ACEI, ARBs or other medications

- Shrink enlarged kidney cysts through increasing the permeability of cystic walls and prompting reabsorption of sac fluid

These are only some general methods that can help manage PKD patients’ swollen legs and stomach. The detailed treatment plan should depend on patients’ illness condition. Therefore, to get personal treatment option, you can ask help from the doctor online or email to

  • Tag: PKD PKD Symptoms
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