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Nephritis Medications

Nephritis medications mainly include four categories: immunosuppressive agents, diuretics, antihypertensives and anti-inflammatory medicines.

Immunosuppressive Agent

Some types of Nephritis, such as Lupus Nephritis, Purpura Nephritis, occur through activation of the immune system causing inflammation. Immunosuppressive agents are used to reduce the inflammation in kidneys, which is also helpful to prevent rejection and dampen the immune system after Kidney Transplant. Some other Kidney Diseases are slower but also respond to treatment of this type.

The common immunosuppressive agents are steroids azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), Antibodies (Rituximab, Campath, ATG and others), thotrexate, cotrimoxazole, cyclophosphamide, Cyclosporin (ciclosporin) and tacrolimus, IVIG and others etc.

Diuretics

Diuretic agents are used to remove excessive water in children with Edema secondary to Kidney Disease and as an adjunct to manage high blood pressure.

There are three kinds of basic diuretics for patients with nephritis.

- Loop diuretics act on a specific structure within the kidney called the loop of Henle to control sodium reabsorption.

- Thiazide diuretics reduce water content by increasing urine flow.

- Potassium-sparing diuretics increase urine flow but inhibit potassium excretion.

Antihypertensives

Hypertension is a well-known risk factor for the progression of Nephritis to Kidney Failure. Renal artery stenosis may cause hypertension not responding to antihypertensive drugs.

The common antihypertensives are ACE inhibitors, Alpha-blockers, Beta-Blockers, Calcium channel blockers etc.

Anti-inflammatories

Inflammation is an immune response that occurs when the body’s white blood cells and immune-fighting chemicals work to protect it from infective and foreign substances, such as bacteria, viruses and injuries.

For the different conditions which involve your age, race, gender, general health etc, you will need different treatment plan and medicines for your nephritis. If you want a personal medicine list for your own conditions, you are suggested to email your condition to kidneyservice@hotmail.com or leave a message below. We are trying to reply within 48 hours.

  • Tag: Nephritis Treatment
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