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Enlarged Kidney Symptoms

Enlarged Kidney SymptomsPatients with kidney disease usually have many symptoms, but to patients with enlarged kidney, they may not have any obvious presentation in a long period. While as it progresses, it will also have some symptoms which are caused by their enlarged kidney.

Back pain

Patients with enlarged kidney often have pain in their back. Because patients have enlarged kidneys, the enlarged kidneys may extrude the organs around them, and then patients may feel painful in their back. Besides, there is much fluid in enlarged kidneys, so the pull caused by them may also make patients feel painful. If there is bleeding within their cysts, or if there is infection in their kidneys, the pain in patients’ back will be more serious.


There are many arteries under the cysts, and the pull may cause the arteries broken, and then patients will have hematuria. Enlarged kidney patients’ hematuria may be microscopic hematuria or gross hematuria. It appears periodically, and it can also be caused or aggravated by exercise, infection or injury, etc.


Patients with enlarged kidney may have proteinuria, but the amount is usually less. The amount of proteinuria may be no more than 2g per day.

Abdominal mass

This may be the major reason that causes patients to see a doctor. About 60%~80% patients have enlarged kidneys which can be touched.


The cysts can oppress kidneys, and this may cause the shortage of blood in kidneys, which will promote the excretion of renin, and then patients may have hypertension. More than 50% patients have hypertension when their kidney function is normal, and the rate will be higher when patients have renal insufficiency.

Renal hypofunction

The cysts will occupy the space of kidney, which will cause the normal renal tissues reducing, and renal function will also have progressive reduction.

Besides, if the kidney function of patients with enlarged kidney has been severely damaged, patients will have more symptoms, like fatigue, nausea and vomit, loss of appetite, etc.

  • Tag: Kidney Cyst Symptom
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