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Kidney Disease and High Blood Pressure

kidney disease,high blood pressureKidney Disease and High Blood Pressure is a pair of invincible opponent for health. They two help each other develop fast, causing a vicious circle. And they also can be the cause of each other.

Renal Hypertension

Renal Hypertension refers to a condition in which chronic kidney problems cause high blood pressure.

For the patients with CKD, as their renal function declines, their kidneys lose the normal excretion function so much fluid and sodium build up in body. It can increase the blood volume to increase thus leading to hypertension. Moreover, for renal ischemia and anoxia, more renin will be secreted by kidneys. Afterwards, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is activated and the blood pressure will rise.

Hypertensive Nephropathy

Hypertensive Nephropathy is a kidney disease that is caused by chronic high blood pressure. Kidneys are important organs responsible for filtering blood. If the patients with hypertension have a poor control of their blood pressure, it will lead to arteriolonephrosclerosis. As a result, the kidneys can not get sufficient blood supplement and healthy nephrons will become less and less. Finally, the patients with develop CKD. In order to slow down the progression of Hypertensive Kidney Disease and protect the residual kidney function, the patients are recommended to keep their blood pressure within 130/80 mmHg.

Also, hypertension can cause other complications in CKD such as heart diseases and stroke. Some patients can die of hearts attacks and stroke even when their Kidney Disease is still in its early stage. Therefore, it is very important for people to control blood pressure within control no matter it is primary or secondary.

The two general ways to lower blood pressure include life style changes and medication. The patients with hypertension should limit the salt intake, avoid smoking and drinking, and take proper exercises and so on.

Anyone with high blood pressure are suggested to measure their kidney function regularly while those who has Chronic Kidney Disease are advised to monitor their blood pressure levels.

  • Tag: Hypertensive Nephropathy Basics
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