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FSGS: Symptom, Causes, Treatment

FSGS: Symptom, Causes, TreatmentFSGS often appears in children and youth, and male is more likely to get this disease than female. FSGS often presents as nephrotic syndrome, and this disease progresses rapidly. Patients can have kidney failure just in one to two years.


More than 50% patients with FSGS will suffer from nephrotic syndrome, and they will have the typical symptom of nephrotic syndrome.

·Edema: patients with FSGS often have obvious edema in their lower legs and face.

·Proteinuria: FSGS patients often find they have foamy urine, which is caused by proteinuria.

·Lipidic urine: patients with FSGS may have lipidic urine,which is caused by their thyperlipemiaheir.

·Hypertension: patients with FSGS often have continuous hypertension, and it can aggravate patients’ condition severely.

·Hematuria: more than 50% patients may have blood urine, and most of them are microscopic hematuria.


FSGS is divided into primary FSGS and secondary FSGS. The primary means patients’ disease may do not have a identifiable cause. While the secondary may have links with plenty of conditions include drug abuse, humoral immunity, hypertension, genetic mutation and others.


In the treatment, patients should relieving their complications, like hypertension, proteinuria, edema, etc. It is also necessary to make sure the causes of this disease, and then control the progression from its root. Besides, measures should be taken to preserve the well part of kidney function and improve patients’ overall kidney condition.

Some medicines are often used in the treatment of FSGS. For example, diuretic is often used in improving patients’ edema. ACE and ARBs are often used to treat patients’ hypertension, or medicines that can reduce cholesterol may also be used in treating hypertension. Besides, glucocorticoid and cytotoxic agent are the common medicines often be used in controlling patients’ condition.

In addition, patients’ diet is important in their treatment. Their protein intake, sodium and water intake, calory intake or other aspects should be planned carefully.

In the end, these above are some basic points about FSGS, and if you want more information about some aspect of FSGS, you can also contact us, and we must do our best to help you.

  • Tag: FSGS Basics
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