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Diet for People with Kidney Disease

In right condition, wastes in the blood from food and liquids are removed by kidneys. However, in kidney disease, the impaired kidneys fail their job. People with kidney disease must cut down on the amount of waste in their blood by following a friendly diet.

In fact, there is no one diet that is right for everyone who has kidney disease. Your recommended diet may change over time if your kidney disease gets worse. Your doctor or dietitian can tailor a diet for you based on a number of tests. Here is a general list of dietary principles for kidney disease.

Right amount of calories

Calories are important sources of energy and also can help you stay at a healthy weight. Because your recommended diet may limit protein which is also important source of energy in body, you may need to get extra calories from other foods.

Reduce the amount of protein

Getting right amount of protein is important. In kidney disease, reducing the amount of proteins can decrease the amount of wastes in your blood and may slow down the disease progression.


In kidney disease, high blood pressure and swelling is associated with sodium closely. Therefore, you may need to limit the amount of sodium in your diet and select foods low in sodium.


As your kidneys may not able to remove phosphorus from your blood, high levels of phosphorus can result in skin itch and the loss of calcium from your bones. Limiting the intake of foods high in phosphorus is a wise option for people with kidney disease.


Calcium is important in keep bone strong. Your doctor may ask you to limit the intake of foods high in phosphorus and take calcium supplements.


Potassium is important to maintain the function of heart. Too much or too little potassium in blood can be dangerous. Based on your illness condition and the stages of kidney disease, your doctor or dietitian will tell you if you need to change the amount of high-potassium foods in your diet.


Generally, you do not need to limit the amount of fluids in early stages of the kidney disease. As your kidney disease get worse, your doctor will let your know the proper amount of fluids you should take each day.

As in different stages of kidney disease, the recommended diet may be different. Therefore, you should consult your doctor before starting any diet program.

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