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Side Effects of Use of Insulin

Insulin is a kind of hormone which regulates sugar levels in blood. If the body fails to produce insulin in type 1 diabetes or the body cells are less sensitive to insulin in type 2 diabetes. Insulin has to be given externally to control blood sugar levels. However, use of insulin may cause the following side effects.

Weight gain

Diabetics can not utilize calorie in body well. Insulin injection increases the use of calories consumed by human body, thus leading to weight gain. Weight gain is a serious condition and can affect the control of blood sugar.

Fatty atrophy

Taking frequent insulin injections can damage the fatty tissues in the injected area and cause the fibrosis of the tissues, thus resulting in fatty atrophy.


Improper hygiene can affect infection of the injected area. Keeping the skin clean can reduce the chance of infection.

Allergic reactions

The injection site may turn read and become itchy. Also edema is seen in some cases or the whole body in some cases, due to excessive water retention.


Insulin injection can cause pain which is commonly seen in many cases. Sometimes, if the patients have intense pain, it may be because the needle touches the nerve under skin.


Hypoglycemia is commonly seen among people who use insulin. This condition occurs mainly due to improper use of insulin, excess exercise, or inadequate food supplement etc. Hypoglycemia directly affects the brain tissues. In serious case, it may cause coma. Eating small amounts of food rich in sugar can help the patients relieve the condition.

The above are major side effects of use of insulin for people with diabetes. However, if preventive measures are taken, those side effects will reduce. More information, please email to

  • Tag: Insulin
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