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Nursing Care Plan For Patient With Chronic Kidney Disease

Nursing Care Plan For Patient With Chronic Kidney DiseaseChronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive disease, and because kidney is in charge of our body’s internal balance, so its damage can cause many health problems to our body. And to deal with the problems caused by CKD, it is important for patient to have a suitable nursing care plan.

The nursing care plan should be made according to the problems that appear in patient’s body, and there are some important issues that patients with CKD often needs to deal with.

1.The imbalance of nutrient:

This is an issue that often appears in patient with CKD, and patient should regulate the nutrients intake according to his own condition.

Care plan: the protein intake should be given according to patient’s body need, and avoid much excess protein intake. Low salt is necessary. Moderate calory intake is very helpful. Patient may need to regulate the intake of some electrolytes according to his need, like calcium, phosphorus, potassium, etc.


Edema is also a common problem for patient with CKD, which is caused by massive proteinuria or the retention of fluid and sodium. It is important for patients to cope with the problems that caused by edema.

Care plan: To avoid breaking the skin where has edema, patient should choose clothes and shoes that are loose and comfortable. Action should be slow and soft when patient clean his edema skin. Besides, patient can raise his limbs moderately, which can help relieve his edema.


Preventing infection is also very important for patient with CKD, because infection can aggravate patient’s condition obviously.

Care plan: To prevent infection, patient should care many aspects in his life. for example, patient should remember to open his room window to exchange air. Be careful in dietetic hygiene. Add clothes timely to avoid getting cold. Have body temperature and blood test regularly.

These are some problems that need to be cared by patient with CKD. Besides, there are many other issues that need CKD patients to deal with in his life,like hypertension, anemia, itching, nausea and vomiting,etc. And it is necessary for patient to consult the advices from his doctor in making his nursing care plan.

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