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Diet For Patients With Stage 4 CKD

Diet For Patients With Stage 4 CKDPatients with stage 4 CKD have severe kidney damage, and they need to have strict restriction in their diet. In fact, there are some aspects that patients with stage 4 CKD should pay attention to.

Water intake

Patients with stage 4 CKD often have obvious edema, which requires patients to restrict their water intake. Except for the fluid we take in, our body’s metabolism will produce fluid, which also needs to be excreted out. In normal condition, the amount of water that should be take in is the yesterday’s urine amount plus 400~500ml.

Protein intake

Patients should be careful in their protein intake, because protein is an important nutrient to our body health, and it can produce lots of metabolic wastes, which will aggravate patients’ kidney damage greatly if the protein intake has not been well controlled. In fact, the recommended protein intake for patients is 0.8g/kg, while it also needs to be regulated according to patients’condition.

Salt intake

Patients should also pay attention to their salt intake. Patients with stage 4 CKD often have edema and hypertension, while the retention of salt and fluid is a major cause of these disease. Generally speaking, 3~5g salt per day is recommended for healthy people, which is also suitable for patients with stage 4 CKD.

Phosphorus and calcium intake

Phosphorus and calcium compete for absorption in body. Patients with CKD often have hyperphosphatemia in this stage, and if patients have this symptom, they should avoid taking foods that contain abundant phosphorus, like cheese, yogurt, chocolate, nuts, milk, etc. On the other hand, they also often have hypocalcemia, and they should increase the calcium intake in this time.

Potassium intake

Patients often have hyperkalemia with severe kidney disease, and it also often occurs in patients with stage 4 CKD. And patients need to avoid taking foods that contain abundant potassium in this time, like banana, orange, nuts and seeds, etc.

Calory intake

Enough calory intake is necessary for patients with stage 4 CKD, because that can guarantee patients’ activity need, and it will also reduce the consumption of protein, which is also beneficial for patients’ health.

While these are the common aspects that patients with stage 4 CKD should care. Patients may also have other problems in this stage, and they should making their diet plan according to their own condition and need. It is necessary for patients to ask the doctor and a renal dietitian’s advice in making a right eating plan. While if you need any help, you can also consult our online experts, and we are glad to help you.

  • Tag: Chronic Kidney Disease healthy lifestyle
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