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Complications Of End Stage Renal Disease

Complications Of End Stage Renal DiseasePatients in end stage of renal disease already have long-time and severe kidney damage, thereby, many complications will appear in this stage. Complications can harm patients’ health severely, and they will also aggravate patients’ condition. So it is necessary for patients to have a well understanding about the complications that may be caused in the end stage.


Edema is a very common complication. Patients in end stage will be more likely to have it. Patients may have edema in their ankles or around their eyes, and some patients with severe edema may feel hard to breath.

Blood urine and protein urine

Patients may find their urine color is red, and that is because there are red cells in their urine. Patients may also find there are foams in their urine surface, and the foams can exist for a long time. That is because there are protein in their urine. Kidney have the functions of filtration and reabsorption. When any or both of them are damaged, many substances that should be kept in blood will leak out through urine. As a result, blood urine and protein urine may appear.


Patients with kidney damage are easy to have hypertension. One major reason of hypertension is the retention of sodium and water, and this reason can cause hypertension to patients who just have slight kidney insufficiency. Another major reason of hypertension is the change in excreting hormone. The lesion in kidney will change the blood flow volume, which will stimulate the excretion of renin, and it can lead to the production of angiotensin, which can cause the blood pressure rise. Besides, patients may also have many other cardiovascular diseases.


Kidney has the function of excreting hemopoietin. While to patients in end stage renal disease, their kidneys are damaged, so they can not excrete hemopoietin normally. Thereby, the amount of red cells produced will decline, and then patients may have anemia, and patients with anemia will often feel tired.

Bone diseases

Kidney can excrete vitamin D, and vitamin D has important influence on bone health. It can regulate the absorption of calcium. Patients in end stage renal disease can not excrete vitamin D normally, so they are easy to have bone diseases.

Certainly, because damaged kidney can cause many problems to body, patients in end stage renal disease may have many other complications. In this stage, to improve their condition, patients should accept treatment positively, and they should make them have good life habits. Besides, keeping a good emotion is important to their health.

  • Tag: Chronic Kidney Disease Basics
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